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What is the ceramic culture?


Ceramics is a general term for pottery and porcelain. Ceramics is a kind of arts and crafts as well as folk culture. China is one of the world's several ancient civilizations with a long history, and has made many significant contributions to the progress and development of human society. The achievements in ceramic technology and art are of particular importance.
In China, the production of pottery technology can be traced back to the era of 4500 to 2500 BC, it can be said that an important part of the history of the development of the Chinese nation is the history of ceramics, Chinese achievements in science and technology and the pursuit and shaping of beauty, in many ways are reflected through ceramic production, and form a very typical technical and artistic characteristics of each era.

It has a very close relationship with folk culture, shows quite strong folk cultural characteristics, and widely reflects the social life of our people, the worldly human conditions and the aesthetic concepts, aesthetic values, aesthetic tastes and aesthetic pursuits of our people. Our people have a good tradition, no matter what era or situation, they love life and pursue happiness, harmony and auspiciousness. Therefore, the auspicious theme of festive and happy has always been an important theme and a basic cultural feature of ceramics since ancient times and today.
The theme of auspicious rui mainly revolves around "blessing, lu, shou, joy, harmony, auspicious ruyi" and other content. Therefore, when choosing a theme to express the meaning, the following things are often selected: rare birds, often choose phoenix (king of birds, symbolizing great wealth and great fortune, phoenix symbolizes love), white crane (with the metaphor of nobility, purity, and longevity), white-headed owl, magpie, mandarin duck, eagle; Famous flowers, often choose peony (the king of flowers, symbolizing wealth and prosperity), hibiscus (symbolizing grace and luxury), lotus, plum blossom, chrysanthemum; In the herb category, blue grass (Yu Xiangzu Yu, Lansun Guizi) is often used), Ganoderma lucidum (symbolizing longevity) bamboo and wood, pine (symbolizing longevity and temperament), bamboo (bamboo and zhu are the same sound, meaning a hundred years of happiness, a hundred years of happiness, a hundred years of well-being), Tianzhu (Yu Tianzhu, meaning heavenly wish peace, heavenly wish for peace, heavenly wish for peace); In the Rui fruit, peaches (often called shou peach, symbolizing life) and pomegranate (symbolizing blessing, there is a saying of a hundred sons of a durian) are commonly used; Among the exotic beasts, dragon (king, authority, auspicious symbol), lion (lion and teacher, poetry homonym, symbolizing power and poetry heirloom), deer (Lulu homonym); In fish algae, I like to use carp (carp and li homonymous, fish and yu homophony, meaning Tengda, wealthy), mandarin fish (mandarin and guiyin), in addition, this auspicious theme in the convention, formed a set of unique symbolic pattern system. Such as lotus birth guizi (baby holding lotus), Fushou Shuangquan (bat shouzi), bamboo newspaper peace (children set off firecrackers), auspicious ruyi (children riding white elephants and holding on to ruyi), happy eyebrows (plum blossom magpie), Fu in front of the eyes (bats, magpies), six contract spring (deer crane, plum blossom), Qilin sending children (children riding unicorns), Lian Nian Youyu (lotus, fish), Wuzi Dengke (five children), Tianguan Blessing (Tiangong, bats), Wufu Shushou (five bats wei shou characters), Duofu Duoshou (a group of bats, piling peaches), Fu, Shou (old man riding a deer holding a peach), Magu Xianshou (Magu bears a peach basket), fish jumping dragon gate, Danfeng Chaoyang (phoenix, sun), dragon and phoenix Chengxiang (dragon, phoenix).
The emergence of Xiangrui consciousness is also a long time ago. As early as the Shang and Zhou Dynasty, the shape of a phoenix appeared on Yin Shang jade. Legend has it that when King Shang was about to die and King Wen of Zhou was about to prosper, people used the phoenix to express the good wishes of the virtuous king to come to the world, and the record of "the phoenix singing in the Qishan Mountain of Western Zhou" is a reflection of this legend.

Ancient Chinese society was based on blood relations and formed a corresponding hometown on this basis. Therefore, the desire for glory, prosperity, wealth and glory has become a common social psychology. There is a lot of such content in the Xiangrui theme. The emergence of the auspicious theme is closely related to the original belief of the ancestors in nature worship. The appearance of certain cloud patterns and fish patterns is closely related to the celebration of nature. The emergence of auspicious birds and beasts is also a reflection of our people's love for all things and their rhythm with all things. The production of the Xiangrui theme is an expression of national psychology, as well as a national culture and national philosophy. The greatest influence on Chinese national psychology and culture was Confucian philosophy. Confucianism talks about the unity of heaven and man, and believes that the relationship between man and nature is not an antagonistic relationship, but an affinity relationship, which is the expression of this affinity relationship given to flowers, birds, insects, fish, beasts, etc. In addition, such as Rui Bird, Nezha Hai, dragon boat, female birthday star, etc., are also often expressed in the porcelain capital Jingdezhen, ceramic art also pays extensive attention to social life and social phenomena and vast nature, and has a very distinct rational character close to reality and close to nature. Therefore, to appreciate ceramic art, you need to understand Chinese philosophy, religion and national psychology, and also have certain cultural accomplishment, music, dance and other artistic accomplishment. Otherwise, it is difficult to grasp the aesthetic characteristics of ceramic art. On ceramic art decoration and Chinese traditional culture, there are many decorations. In the development of Chinese ceramics for thousands of years, decoration and utensils are closely linked, forming a unique ceramic culture style. In today's people's aesthetic diversification, as a ceramic art with thousands of years of Chinese history and culture is more and more favored by people, modern ceramic art decoration on the basis of traditional ceramic art decoration renewal and development, not only promotes modern ceramic art decoration in the direction of creation and expression, expression techniques to a higher artistic realm expansion, but also the emergence of "a hundred flowers competing for beauty, all kinds of coexistence" situation, its new concept, peculiar creativity, Rich materials and exquisite production techniques form a unique form of craft painting. Modern ceramic art decoration emphasizes the role of works on people's spirit and psychology, and the artist uses his own design concept to integrate more new connotations into ceramic art decoration works.

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